What is Periodontal Disease?

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If you have been informed that you suffer from periodontal (gum) illness, you are not the only one. A lot of grown-ups in the U.S. presently have some kind of this illness. Periodontal illnesses vary from simple gum swelling to severe illness which ends up in huge destruction to the soft tissue and bone which act as teeth support.

Periodontal illnesses, (called gum illnesses also) are gum and bone infections which support teeth. Normally, they are devoid of pain and you might not be conscious that you have an issue until your gums and the bone that sustains them are severely destroyed. Teeth are lost in critical situations.

Your gum illness may be controlled, eliminated or become worse; this is hugely determined by how efficiently you take care of your gums and teeth each day, from henceforth.

What leads to gum disease?

Our mouths are packed with germs. These germs, together with mucus as well as other atoms create a clear and gluey ‘plaque’ on teeth. Flossing and brushing assist to eliminate plaque. Plaque which is not gotten rid of can become solid and create ‘tartar’ which is not cleaned by brushing. Only a dentist’s or dental hygienist’s expert cleaning can eliminate tartar.


As plaque and tartar remain on teeth for a long period, this increases their hazard. The germs lead to swelling of the gum which is referred to as ‘gingivitis. Gingivitis easily leads to inflammation, redness and bleeding of the gums. Gingivitis is a kind of gum illness which is not serious, that can normally be cured with everyday brushing and flossing as well as constant cleaning by a dental hygienist or dentist. This kind of gum illness is not inclusive of any loss of bone and tissue that sustains teeth.


Not treating gingivitis can cause it to develop to ‘periodontitis’ (this entails ‘swelling near the tooth’). Periodontitis is where gums separate from the teeth, creating gaps known as ‘pockets’ which get infected. The immune system of the body battles germs as the plaque extends and develops under the gum line.

Germs toxins and the natural reaction of the body to infection begin to split the bone and connective tissue which support the teeth. If left untreated, the gums, tissue and bones which sustain the teeth are damaged. The teeth might, in the end, become loose and need to be extracted.

Risk Factors  

  • Smoking.  Is there another reason required to stop smoking? Smoking is among the most important harmful elements with the growth of gum illness. In addition, smoking can reduce the prospects for effective treatment.
  • Hormonal changes in girls/women. These variations can lead to more sensitive gums and make it simpler for gingivitis to occur.
  • Diabetes. Individuals with diabetes are more prone to having infections such as gum illness.
  • Other illnesses. Illnesses such as AIDS and cancer and their cures can also have a negative impact on gums health.
  • Medications. There are numerous prescriptions and medicine purchased from the pharmacies that can lower saliva flow which has a defensive impact on the mouth. When saliva is insufficient, the mouth becomes sensitive to infections like gum illness. Also, some medicines can lead to strange, excessive development of the gum tissue; this can lead to complications in maintaining cleanliness of the teeth and gums.
  • Genetic susceptibility. Some individuals are more sensitive to serious gum illness compared to others.

How do I know if I have gum disease?

Some indications of gum illness are:

    • Persistent unpleasant breath

    • Red or inflamed gums

    • Soft or bleeding gums

    • Pain when chewing

    • Teeth that are loose

    • Sensitive teeth

    • Thinning gums or teeth that look longer

of these indications might be a symptom of a critical issue that needs to be assessed by a dentist. When you visit a hygienist or dentist, they need to:

  • Inquire about your medical background to recognize the primary conditions or harmful elements like smoking that might lead to gum illness.

  • Check your gums and identify any symptoms of swelling.

  • Utilize a small ruler called ‘probe’ to look for any pockets and measure them. In a mouth that is healthy, these pockets’ depth is normally between 1 and 3 millimeters. This assessment for pocket depth is normally not painful.

How is gum disease treated?

The key aim of treatment is to manage the infection. The number of treatments and kinds will be different. This is determined by how serious the gum illness is. Any kind of treatment needs the patient to maintain efficient everyday care at home.

It might also be suggested by the doctor for changes to be effected in some behaviors like giving up smoking, as a method of enhancing treatment results.

Treatment includes:

Deep Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing)


Surgical Treatments